CNG Full Form: What is CNG, its uses, advantages, disadvantages (Full Form of CNG)

CNG Full Form: What is CNG, its uses, advantages, disadvantages (Full Form of CNG)

In today’s era, we have very limited amount of natural resources, which is very imaginable. There is a sharp decrease in petrol, diesel, coal, kerosene oil. If these resources are exhausted then it can become a problem for us. This is the reason why we are instructed to save resources.

CNG full form

CNG is also one of these natural resources which is used in many ways. But many people do not know anything about CNG.

Therefore, in today’s article, I am going to give you detailed information about CNG. Like what is CNG, full form of CNG, its advantages and disadvantages, history of CNG, where and why it is used etc. So let’s get started.

CNG Full Form: What is CNG, its full form

The full form of CNG in English is Compressed Natural Gas. The full form of this term in Hindi is “Compressed Natural Gas”. Very few people will be familiar with the term Hindi. Commonly known as CNG according to convenience.

Earlier people did not know anything special about CNG, but due to its use in vehicles in today’s era, everyone has become well aware of this term. At the same time, more than one means of transport has also come, in which people can use petrol or diesel according to their wish.

CNG Full Form: What is CNG, its uses, advantages, disadvantages (Full Form of CNG)
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In what context is CNG used?

CNG is a type of fuel and is mainly used in place of gasoline, diesel or LPG. Let us tell you that when CNG gas is burnt, in this situation it produces less harmful gas than other fuels.


History of the invention of CNG

CNG was invented in America in the year 1800. During that time it was accepted as a fuel in Italy and other European countries. At the same time gradually emphasis was placed on its use. So that the environment can be protected. In fact, this gas is lighter than air.

And the special thing is that it can be pressed from 200 to 250 kg per square cm. The main reason for its compactness is that it can be filled very easily in a cylindrical vessel in a small space with great ease.

Substances that are important in CNG

CNG does not contain substances like lead, sulfate, due to which reactive hydrocarbons 70% and nitrogen oxides 85% are found in it. At the same time, methane gas is found in maximum quantity in it. This is the reason that it is colourless, odourless, poison free. Nature is especially harmed by using it.

Current CNG Stations in India

Being the most populous state in the country, Uttar Pradesh has 485 CNG stations. At present, Maharashtra has 488 CNG stations by 2021, according to the Union Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Let me tell you to increase your information

GAIL Gas and Adani Gas are among the top-tier companies providing CNG in the country.

Where is CNG mostly used?

CNG is mostly used for large vehicles. Such as buses. Apart from this, CNG gas is also being used in cars, three wheelers and taxis nowadays. There is a special reason behind this that due to petrol and diesel, there is a lot of damage to the environment. The same vehicle with CNG does not spread pollution at all.

Due to the damage to the environment, more emphasis is being given to the use of CNG in the country. People are being informed about how they can save the environment from getting polluted by using CNG. In a big city like Delhi, due to pollution, the incidents of smog accumulation in the cities are decreasing. Due to this people find it very difficult to breathe.

To deal with this problem, if people use CNG vehicles, then it is a decision in the interest of the environment. In the same big cities like Mumbai, Banaras, Kolkata, the government is giving a lot of emphasis on CNG. The real reason behind this is nitrogen gas is released on burning liquid substances like petrol, diesel. Which pollutes the air. The same CNG gas does not have any effect on the environment.

Selected advantages of CNG gas:

This gas is completely friendly to the environment. And it proves to be a much less harmful gas than petrol diesel.

Using CNG gas proves to be much cheaper than petrol and diesel, as the vehicle runs around 18 KM/KG when it is used. The same petrol-powered vehicle only manages to cover a distance of 10KM/Litre.

Mostly adulteration is found in petrol and diesel. But the chances of getting CNG adulteration are negligible.

Selective Disadvantages of CNG Gas:

There is no specific place to install a CNG tank in CNG-free vehicles. It is mounted in the trunk of the car. Due to this, the trunk of the car stops completely. There is no space left in it at all.

CNG gas is odourless, making it very difficult to detect if it leaks by mistake. 30,000 conversion kit for CNG vehicles

40,000 to 40,000. If we consider the cost of conversion kit in the same buses, then it is around Rs 3 lakh.


CNG gas is no less than a boon for the entire human species and the entire environment. This gas has a special utility. It not only contributes to saving the environment, but it is also used to run the vehicle. Any of these resources are available in limited quantity on earth. In this sense, it is our duty to make good use of it.

In this article I have tried to give you all the important information about CNG like CNG kya hai, full form of CNG (CNG full form in Hindi), who invented CNG and when, uses of CNG. e.t.c.

In the end, I would like to tell you that if you liked this article with CNG full form, what is CNG in Hindi, then do share it on social media. If you want to say or ask something, then you can comment below.

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